Fields-Smith African American parents befre and after Brown
Fields-Smith, C. (2005, Winter). African American parents befre and after Brown. Journal of Curriuclum and Supervision, 20(2), 129-135.
This article argued that African American parents want to be just as involved in their children's schooling as previously. Segregation dispanded the community school and removed power from African American principals. This article claims that, "African American parents respond to teachers' requrest to be invovled more often when the teacher specifies the form of invovlement" (p. 135). The author goes on to advise educators to have an awareness of cultural perspectives when defining parental involvement for their classroom and school in order to find alternative ways for involvement that may be less visible so parents can remain involved in their children's education.