Legacies Goodlad Notes
Goodlad, J. I. (1990). Teachers for our nation's schools. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Chapter 3: Legacies
· "In its rhetoric, our society values teachers, but little is done to ensure that individuals attracted to teaching will find conditions conductive to staying (p. 70)."
· A History of "Not Quite"
o Normal Schools
§ "It (teacher training) was born out of intimacy with the public schools, for which teachers needed no clearly defined preparation (p. 72)."
§ Elementary teachers were and still are primarily female.
§ The original teacher education programs were the normal schools. Normal schools were the secondary and the "higher education" preparation for teachers, whose preparation was no different than other students.
§ Normal schools became extinct around the 1940s.
o Regional Public Universities: An Era of Transition
§ Regional public universities evolved from normal schools.
o Beacon Schools of Education and the Rise of Research
§ Teacher education was and is perceived to be a non-intellectual task.
§ "Alas, a widespread complaint of teachers and future teachers is that teachers of teachers are less than experts in the teaching craft and often fail to practice what they preach (p. 75)."
§ The focus of these institutions is research. It is preferred over teaching and receives more accolade than recognition for outstanding teaching.
§ "Transition from much to little attention to teacher education appears to be a rite of passage for all schools of education seeking national recognition - a transition comparable to that of normal schools that became regional universities (p. 76)."
o Liberal Arts Colleges
§ "When there are large introductory classes, they are likely to be taught by professors and not teaching assistants - although this may be less true than in the past (p. 81)."
§ "Academe is not without its share of people so skillful with the verbal stiletto that the victim is scarcely aware of having been cut until the blood spurts (p. 82)."
o Regional Private Universities
· An Unclear Mission
· Keepers of the Gates
o "At best, however, licenses denote only minimum competency, and they are unable to predict human behavior (p. 97)."
o Part of the reason of the low status of teacher education is its connection to females. Since it is seen as the preparation for a female occupation, it is perceived to be of lower class than preparation for other occupations whose workforce is predominately male.
o "Alongside these circumstances was the general view that elementary teachers, in particular, did not need to know much that one teacher could not pass easily to another (p. 104)."
· Reform and Reformers
· Concluding Comments